Arthroscopy is a type of keyhole surgery. It uses both to diagnose and treat problems with joints.
It’s most commonly used on the knees as well as ankles, shoulders, elbows, wrists, and hips.
An arthroscopy involves the use of a device called an arthroscope to examine the joints. Furthermore, This is a thin, metal tube about the length and width of a drinking straw. It contains a light source and a camera. Images are sent from the arthroscope to a video screen or an eyepiece. So the surgeon is able to see inside the joint.
Similarly, It’s also possible for tiny surgical instruments used alongside an arthroscope to allow the surgeon to treat certain joint conditions.
As the equipment used during an arthroscopy is so small, only minor cuts need to be made in the skin. This means the procedure has some potential advantages over traditional, “open” surgery.
- less pain after the operation
- faster healing time
- lower risk of infection
- you can often go home the same day
- you may be able to return to normal activities more quickly
How is arthroscopy performed?
Arthroscopy is most often performed as an outpatient procedure. First of all, Dr. Kiran Jayswal checks the patient into the facility where the procedure performed. And also an intravenous line (IV) established in order to administer fluids and medication for anesthesia.
Therefore, We use the type of anesthesia depending on the joint being examined and the medical health of the patient.
Arthroscopy could perform under a general anesthetic. Likewise spinal or epidural anesthetic, a regional block (where only the extremity being examined numbed), or even a local anesthetic. If a general anesthetic not used, the patient often sedated. After adequate anesthesia achieves, the procedure can begin. An incision is made on the side of the joint to examine. And the arthroscope inserts into the incision.
Similarly, Other instruments are sometimes placed in another incision to help maneuver certain structures into the view of the arthroscope. In arthroscopic surgery, additional instruments for surgical repairs inserts into the joint through additional small incisions in the joint. These instruments used to cut, remove, and suture (sew) damaged tissues.
Once the procedure completed, the arthroscope removed. And the incisions sutured closed. Finally, A sterile dressing placed over the incision and a brace or ACE wrap placed around the joint.
Recovering from an arthroscopy
The time it takes to recover from an arthroscopy can vary. It depends on the joint involved and the specific procedure you had.
Most noteworthy, it’s often possible to return to work and light, physical activities within a few weeks. But more demanding physical activities such as lifting and sport may not be possible for several months or even more.